As the millennium era advances, a mega change is taking shape inside the Indian Ocean, revealed a study. 

The study led by Roxy Mathew Koll, a climate scientist at the Pune-based Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), has predicted that the surface of the Indian Ocean is expected to experience warming of 1.4 degrees Celsius to 3 degrees Celsius between 2020 and 2100. 

In turn, this “will push it into a near-permanent heatwave state, intensify cyclones, affect the monsoon, and lead to a rise in sea levels”, states Roxy Mathew Koll led study. 

The study has shown that “marine heatwaves (periods of abnormally high ocean temperatures) are projected to increase from 20 days per year (during 1970-2000) to 220-250 days per year, pushing the tropical Indian Ocean into a basin-wide near-permanent heatwave state by the end of the 21st century”, reports PTI. 

“Marine heatwaves cause habitat destruction due to coral bleaching, seagrass destruction, and loss of kelp forests, affecting the fisheries sector adversely. They also lead to the rapid intensification of cyclones.”


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