Representational Picture courtesy- indiablooms.com
This June, all the undersigned diplomatic missions in India’s capital, have reaffirmed their countries’ commitment to equal rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) citizens.
At home, and increasingly abroad, many countries support, organize, or participate in events to celebrate the diversity of their citizens, to reduce discrimination and misinformation about the LGBTI community, to build on individual and collective achievements, and to highlight what needs to be done to ensure fundamental human dignity of all individuals and full equality for all human beings regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity.
Many countries organize marches, lectures, and events to celebrate in the month of June, sometimes called “Pride Month” in honor of the Stonewall Riots that are described as the start of the LGBTI movement in the United States. Events are as diverse as the countries that host them, and every country celebrates diversity in its own way, and at various times throughout the year. For example on international day against homophobia biphobia and transphobia (IDAHOT) on May 17 and Human Rights Day on December 10, there are a wide range of national initiatives celebrating diversity and reaffirming the equal rights of all citizens. Today, LGBTI Pride celebrations are held in over 120 cities around the world in June, and include parades, marches, film festivals, speeches, dances, picnics, and countless other social events.
Planned events in New Delhi include, among others, the lighting of embassies in the iconic colors of the LGBTI rainbow flag, hoisting the rainbow flag on the embassies’ flagpoles, LGBTI film screenings, lectures, and other social functions.
We believe these diverse celebrations will foster a sense of community and belonging, and help to advance human rights for all throughout the world. We note with pride the increasing progress that is being made around the world to protect the fundamental human rights of LGBTI individuals and would like to highlight a list in the annex.
· Embassy of Argentina
· Australian High Commission
· Austrian Embassy
· Embassy of Brazil
· British High Commission
· High Commission of Canada
· Embassy of Chile
· Embassy of Colombia
· Embassy of Costa Rica
· Embassy of Croatia
· Embassy of the Czech Republic
· Embassy of Denmark
· Embassy of Ecuador
· Delegation of the European Union
· Embassy of Finland
· Embassy of France
· Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany
· Embassy of Greece
· Embassy of Ireland
· Embassy of Italy
· Embassy of Japan
· Embassy of Luxembourg
· Embassy of Mexico
· Embassy of the Netherlands
· Embassy of Spain
· Embassy of Sweden
· Embassy of the United States of America
Annex – Facts:
· In 1791, France becomes the first West European country to decriminalize homosexual acts between consenting adults, followed by the Netherlands in 1811, Brazil in 1830, Portugal in 1852, the Ottoman Empire in 1858, Guatemala and Mexico in 1867, Japan in 1880 and more than a hundred countries in the 20th century.
· In 1867, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs becomes the first self-proclaimed homosexual to speak out publicly for homosexual rights when he pleads at the Congress of German Jurists in Munich for a resolution urging the repeal of anti-homosexual laws.
· Literature, and later theater and cinema, gradually increase visibility of the LGBTI community and its acceptance: in 1895, at the same time Oscar Wilde is sentenced to two years hard labor in prison for “gross indecency,” the novel “Bom-Crioulo” is published in Brazil with homosexuality at its center and with a black man as the story’s hero. In 1913, Marcel Proust publishes “In Search of Lost Time” in France marking the first time a modern Western author writes about homosexuality. In 1919, “Different From the Others,” a German-made film, is one of the first explicitly gay films. Throughout the 20th century, and increasingly around the world, numerous intellectuals and cultural figures come out as LGBTI.
· After the Second World War, the rate of countries decriminalizing homosexual acts between consenting adults grows, organizations defending LBGTI rights are created, and publications on the subject grow.
· 1970, the first Pride march is organized in the U.S., later followed in different forms by many countries on all continents. In 1972 “Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays” is founded in the U.S., becoming one of the first large-scale organizations of straight people defending LBGTI rights.
· Gradually through the 1970s, homosexuality stops being considered an illness, and in 1981, is removed from the national classification of diseased in Finland, which culminates in 1990 with a formal decision of the World Health Organization.
· In 1988, Sweden is the first country to pass laws protecting homosexuals in the area of social services, taxes, and inheritances, and in 1989, Denmark is the first country in the world to enact registered partnership laws (similar to civil unions) for same-sex couples, with most of the same rights as married couples. Many other countries soon follow suit
· Starting in the 1990s, openly gay/lesbian candidates win elections in local assemblies, parliaments, city halls, and in some cases reach the head of State and Government. The United Kingdom has the highest number of openly gay, lesbian and bisexual parliamentarians in the world, with a total of 35 Members of Parliament from across the political spectrum (14 Conservative, 14 Labour, 7 SNP).
· In June 2000, former president of the United States, Bill Clinton, issues the first ever Proclamation marking Gay and Lesbian Pride Month stating; “This June, recognizing the joys and sorrows that the gay and lesbian movement has witnessed and the work that remains to be done, we observe Gay and Lesbian Pride Month and celebrate the progress we have made in creating a society more inclusive and accepting of gays and lesbians.”
· In 2000, the Netherlands becomes the first country to legalize same-sex marriage, marking a shift in tide for the recognition of equal rights of LGBTI people around the world. Canada performs the first legally recognized same-sex marriage in 2001, before the government became the first country in the Americas to legalize it nationwide in 2005, the same year in which Spain legalizes same-sex marriage.
South Africa follows suit in 2006 and becomes the first African country to extend full marriage rights. Argentina, in 2010, becomes the first Latin American country to approve same sex marriage, and in 2012, becomes a pioneer worldwide in passing a gender identity law. Brazil, besides being an important sponsor of initiatives for LGBTI rights in the United Nations, legalizes same-sex civil unions and marriages in 2011. France legalizes same-sex marriage in 2013 followed by Great Britain and Finland in 2014. The Equal Marriage Law, passed by the Finnish parliament, is the first citizens’ initiative approved. In 2015, Chile enacts the family status of “Civil Partner” through the enforcement of the Civil Partnership Agreements. In May of 2015 Ireland holds a referendum on marriage equality and becomes the first country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage by popular vote. One month later, in June 2015, the United States Supreme Court rules to legalize same-sex marriage. Earlier this year, Colombia became the 22nd country to legalize same-sex marriage.
· Third gender rights have been led mostly by Asia. In 2007, Nepal is believed to have become the world’s first country to include a third gender option on its census forms. India has long recognized a community of five to six million third gender Indians as citizens who do not identify themselves as either male or female.
In 2009, when the nation’s election authorities decided to formally allow an independent designation for intersex or transgender voters and in April 2014 the Indian Supreme Court issued a landmark judgment granting transgender people legal recognition and access to “all rights under the law”.
In 2009 the chief justice of Pakistan ordered the National Database and Registration Authority to issue national identity cards with a third gender category for non-binary citizens. In November 2013 the Bangladesh Government announced the recognition of the third gender category in all national documents and passports.